Orinoquía Sustainable Integrated Landscape Program

Program Overview

The Orinoquía Sustainable Integrated Landscape Program (OSILP) aims to help farmers and agribusiness in Colombia’s Orinoquía region sustainably manage their land, increase agricultural production, and realize the region’s potential to become a food basket for the country and the world.

Program name

Orinoquía Sustainable Integrated Landscape Program (OSILP)


Orinoquía region, Colombia

Size of jurisdiction

25 million hectares

Population in jurisdiction

1.37 million

Drivers of land use change

- Agricultural expansion- maize, soybean, forage grasses, and rice

- Expansion of areas for cattle grazing

- Palm oil plantations

Accounting area


Implementing agency

Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development

ISFL Funding

- $20 million in grant financing through the government

- $1 million IFC projects to support sustainability by private sector enterprises in the livestock and dairy sectors of the Orinoquía region

- $775,000 to help IFC identify opportunities to support climate-smart agribusiness advisory programs

- Potential payments of up to 10 million tCO2e of emission reductions


$5.93 million GEF financing

The OSILP provides technical assistance to address the drivers of land-use change in Orinoquía and to catalyze sustainable development across the region. This is done by promoting better land-use planning, the integration of sustainable land-use policies, the enforcement of pertinent laws and regulations, and capacity building. The OSILP is also supporting the preparation of an Emission Reductions program to access results-based finance for up to 10 million tons of carbon dioxide equivalent (tCO2e) of emission reductions.

The OSILP has four components:

  • Supporting capacity building for the implementation of integrated land-use planning and improved governance for deforestation control;

  • Supporting sustainable land-use management through generating information, capacities, and incentives to reduce AFOLU GHG emissions from unsustainable land use and land-use changes in the agriculture, forestry, and other land uses (AFOLU) sector;

  • Providing technical assistance for the preparation of the Emission Reductions program for results-based payments and develop Colombia’s capacity for robust monitoring, reporting, accounting, and verification of AFOLU emissions and removals; and

  • Financing project coordination, management, monitoring, and evaluation activities.

Country Context

text Drivers of land use and change
  • Land-use change from agricultural cultivation is the main driver of deforestation and ecosystem degradation in the Orinoquía region and has largely occurred over the past three decades.
  • The main causes of land-use change in the Orinoquía region are the expansion of areas for cattle grazing, the lack of land-use planning and incentives for sustainable practices, and illicit activities, including the clearing of forests for the planting of coca.
  • The plantation area of palm oil has increased the most compared with other plantations and agricultural commodities (total area of 360,000 hectares as of 2010 compared to 18,000 hectares in the 1980s).
  • Other land-use changes related to forest plantations and agricultural commodities (such as maize, soybean, forage grasses, and rice) have also taken place.
  • Much of the Orinoquía region constitutes undeveloped “frontier” territory, due in part to land tenure insecurity and lack of adequate infrastructure.
text Key commodities and sectors
  • Palm oil, rubber, maize, soybean, forage grasses, cocoa, and rice
  • Livestock (cattle and dairy production)
text Policy interactions and green growth strategies
  • The Government of Colombia has developed a long-term policy on green growth to reach peace and sustainable development (CONPES 3934 of 2018). Under the framework of the policy, the National Planning Department between 2014 and 2018 conducted the Green Growth Mission, which prepared and discussed technical inputs to formulate this long-term green growth policy. Under the mission, diagnostic and prospective studies were carried out to identify policy options that incorporate a green growth approach into the country’s development planning, promoting economic competitiveness, conservation and efficient use of natural resources, climate-friendly growth, and greater social inclusion.
  • The OSILP contributes to the implementation of the Regional Climate Change Plan for the Orinoquía region in Meta, Casanare, Vichada, and Arauca.
  • In the context of its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), the government has formulated its climate change policy and set an institutional framework to address climate change adaptation and mitigation, the National Climate Change System (SISCLIMA).
text NDC commitments

The Government of Colombia has committed to reducing GHG emissions by 20 percent against the business-as-usual level. If supported with international finance, it plans to reduce emissions by 30 percent by 2030.

Program Results

# of partnerships established with the private sector

2 - Alquería and Hacienda San José

# of partnerships established with not-for-profit organizations

2 - The Nature Conservancy and Tropical Forest Alliance 2020

# coordination platforms supported

3 - Chipata Roundtable, Eastern Province Development Coordinating Committee, District Development Coordinating Committee

# of engagements established with the private sector


# of engagements established with not-for-profit organizations

5 - The Nature Conservancy, Tropical Forest Alliance 2020, World Wildlife Fund, Von Humboldt Institute, Rare

# coordination platforms supported

1 - Orinoquía Climate Change Platform (NORECCO)

Environmental and Social Management Framework (ESMF) completed


Feedback Grievance Redress Mechanism (FGRM) completed


Core Program Documents

Implementation Status and Results Report (June 2019)
Implementation Status and Results Report (June 2018)
Project Appraisal Document (February 2018)
Environmental and Social Management Framework (September 2017) (Spanish)
Cover Letter for Aide Memoire (November 2017)
Aide Memoire (November 2017) (Spanish)
Indigenous Peoples Plan, Volume 2 (September 2017) (Spanish)
Indigenous Peoples Plan, Volume 1 (September 2017) (Spanish)
Resettlement Plan, Volume 1 (September 2017) (Spanish)
Resettlement Plan, Volume 2 (September 2017) (Spanish)
Expogestion Orinoquia (December 2016) (Spanish)
Expogestion Orinoquia (September 2015) (Spanish)
Aide Memoire (February 2015) (Spanish)

Program Contact Information

To request further information about this program, please email us.